GROTON, Conn. - Naval Submarine Base (SUBASE) New London and Naval Medical Training Command (NMRTC) New England partner with the Connecticut Department of Health to conduct weekly mosquito surveillance and testing throughout the mosquito season. Mosquitoes are tested for diseases such as Eastern Equine Encephalitis and West Nile Virus which are endemic to the area. If needed, Naval Health Clinic and base Public Works Department will take measures to reduce the mosquito population on base, however, their presence serves as a reminder for the public to take standard precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
Precautions to avoid mosquito bites include:
• Minimize time outdoors at dusk and dawn.
• Be sure door and window screens are tight fitting and in good repair.
• While outdoors, wear shoes, socks, long pants, and long-sleeved shirts. Clothing material should be tightly woven.
• Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors.
• Consider using mosquito repellent when it is necessary to be outdoors and always use them according to label instructions. The most effective repellents contain DEET or Picaridin. Oil of lemon eucalyptus is also effective for brief periods of exposure.
• When using DEET, use the lowest concentration effective for the time spent outdoors (for example, 6 percent lasts approximately two hours and 20 percent for four hours) and wash treated skin when returning indoors. Do not apply under clothing, to wounds or irritated skin, the hands of children, or to infants less than two months old.
Measures to reduce mosquitoes around the home include:
• Dispose of water-holding containers, such as ceramic pots, used tires, and tire swings.
• Drill holes in the bottom of containers such as those used for recycling.
• Clean clogged roof gutters.
• Turn over objects that may trap water when not in use such as wading pools and wheelbarrows.
• Change water in bird baths on a weekly basis.
• Clean and chlorinate swimming pools, and cover pools when not in use.
• Use landscaping to eliminate areas where water can collect on your property.
Additional resources for information on mosquito management can be found at http://www.ct.gov/mosquito/site/default.asp.